Recently, there has been a lot of news about the significant and important changes to Michigan’s criminal record expungement law. Gov. Gretchen Whitmer signed several bills into law in October 2020 known as the “Clean Slate” initiative.
Among the most progressive expungement laws in the nation, they dramatically expand eligibility. As a result, more people than ever are now eligible to apply to have their criminal records set aside.
However, the mention of “automatic expungement” has confused many. This article will help you understand the expectations of it versus the reality.
Part of the new law introduces the process for some criminal convictions to be automatically expunged. Why should you apply for expungement now, when automatic expungement is part of the Clean Slate legislation?
On August 23, 2021, Governor Gretchen Whitmer signed House Bills 4219 and 4220, which will allow anyone with only one (1) drunk driving conviction to seek to eliminate it from their criminal record. After going into effect on February 23, 2021, DUI expungement will benefit more than 200,000 people in the state who are carrying a criminal record that is impacting their lives in a number of ways.
Interested in discussing how this law applies to you? Would you like to start working with our attorneys on your expungement case so you’re ready when the law is in full effect? Contact us immediately.
No Time to Wait: Reduced Waiting Periods When You Apply
Automatic expungements, though part of Clean Slate, will begin at the earliest April 2023 and as late as October 2023, depending on a number of factors only in the state’s control. On the other hand, applying for expungement under the new laws can happen immediately.
Previously, you had to wait at least five (5) years from the end of your misdemeanor sentence to apply for expungement. Under the new law, you can now apply for expungement three (3) years after your sentence ends. Similarly, you can now expunge one (1) felony five (5) years after your sentence ends, or multiple felonies seven (7) years after the end of your sentence.
When automatic expungements go into effect in 2023, you still have to wait seven (7) years from the end of your sentence to have an eligible misdemeanor removed, and 10 years for an eligible felony to be removed.
Increased Number of Convictions Can Be Expunged by Application
Under the old law, no more than one (1) felony and two (2) misdemeanors could be set aside. Now, if you apply for expungement, up to three (3) felonies and an unlimited amount of misdemeanors can be removed from your criminal record by application. Additionally, the new law allows the expungement of up to two (2) assaultive crimes and one (1) felony punishable by more than 10 years in prison.
Under automatic expungement, only up to two (2) felonies and four (4) misdemeanors can be removed during one’s lifetime. Automatic expungements are also limited to the following:
No criminal offenses can be committed during the seven (7) to 10 year waiting period for the crime you want to expunge.
Automatic expungement does not apply to anyone with more than one (1) assaultive crime.
The following crimes cannot be automatically set aside:
Serious misdemeanors (i.e. domestic violence)
Crimes of dishonesty (i.e. theft, embezzlement, forgery, etc)
Felonies punishable by more than 10 years to life in prison
Crimes involving minors or vulnerable adults (i.e. criminal sexual conduct in the first degree)
Crimes involving injury, serious impairment or death
No conviction can be set aside if there are any pending charges.
Automatically expunged crimes are subject to reinstatement if restitution is still owed.
As you can see, the offenses eligible for automatic expungement are limited and widely circumstantial.
It’s highly likely for someone to be charged with multiple crimes based on a single arrest. The ‘one bad night’ rule allows multiple felony or misdemeanor convictions that occurred within 24 hours of one another, and as a result of the same circumstance, to be treated as one conviction.
However, this only applies to applications for expungement. In order to take advantage of the ‘One Bad Night’ rule, you must apply for expungement since it does not apply to automatic expungements.
Unlimited Expungement for Marijuana Misdemeanors
Under the new law, some marijuana offenses must be removed from your record upon application without a waiting period. Marijuana convictions before December 6, 2018, may be set aside if they would have been legal when marijuana was legalized in Michigan on that date.
After you file an application for expungement, if the state does not file a rebuttal within 60 days, the court must set the conviction aside within 21 days. If an answer is filed, a hearing must be set within 30 days. During this hearing, the prosecutor must show overwhelming evidence that the misdemeanor would have been criminal after Deember 6, 2018 in order to deny the application.
There is no limit to the number or misdemeanor marijuana offenses that can be expunged by application under the new law. Although the same crimes will be eligible for removal under the automatic expungement statute, there will be a seven (7) year waiting period and a four (4) misdemeanor limit on automatic expungements when they go into effect in 2023.
Immediate Benefits for Expungement Applications
There are many benefits to cleaning your criminal record now, such as:
Career advancement: Once you expunge offenses from your criminal record, many barriers to employment are lifted.
Access to federal student loans: Restrictions based on your criminal history from both federal (and private) student loan lenders disappear after your application for expungement is granted.
Fair and equal housing: Landlords and other housing providers will no longer be able to use your criminal record against you to bar you from living in their properties.
Lower insurance rates:Insurance companies will no longer have a reason to charge you higher premiums because of a conviction.
Concealed Pistol License (CPL) qualification: After expunging your felony, you can qualify for a CPL sooner rather than later.
Do I Need a Lawyer to Get My Record Expunged in Michigan?
Without a doubt, automatic expungement will be a benefit to many. However, the various limitations to automatic expungement means that it may not be right for you. If you have ineligible convictions or cannot wait three (3) more years for automatic expungement, you need to apply now.
You can apply for the expungement of your convictions that are not eligible for automatic removal immediately, and perhaps wait on automatic expungement to go into effect to remove eligible convictions.
Whatever your decision, you should seek the advice of an attorney experienced in expungement applications to:
review your eligibility, and
to prepare your application(s).
If your expungement application is denied, you cannot reapply for at least three (3) more years. Additionally, one simple error on the application or misreading of the terms of service could lead to you being charged with falsifying documents.
Falsifying documents is a felony, and a conviction typically results in extraordinary fines and prison time of at least one (1) year. All of this means that success the first time around is of the utmost importance.
The expungement process is extremely complicated. Therefore, you need to present the best case possible to the court on why your conviction(s) should be expunged. Our team of Michigan attorneys know the new expungement laws inside and out, and can best determine if you are eligible for expungement, prepare you for your court date, and present a compelling case to the judge.
With an attorney who specializes in expungement, your chances of succeeding the first time increase dramatically.